THE 900s — New Orleans Public Service Inc. — THE 900s

DTAR 900-972  Same dim.
as
800-899
76-E2 Perley A. Thomas Car Works ON 124 (900-911)
ON 126 (912-917)
ON 127 (918-972)
Late 1923
1924
1924
73 cars
(Truck orders) 10 76E2 for GE 275 mot., 30" WH Brill ON 21861½ 7/23/23 Prom. 9/17 12 sets
for 900-911
   14 76E2 for WHSE 535 mot., 30" WH Brill ON 21861¾ 7/23/23 Prom. 9/17
   110 76E2    Brill ON 22021 4/1/24 Prom. 5/22 to 7/20 88 sets for remainder
of 900s & poss.
RB-RT Palace cars
   66 76E2    Brill ON 22026 4/28/24 Prom. 6/23

100 cars planned, which accounts for discrepancy in number of trucks ordered, 200 (100 pairs).  The rest of the trucks used in various RB & RT programs, for Palace cars and Semi Convertibles.

The 900s were practically mirror images of the 800s.  P + text S pp. 151-158, scale drawings S pp. 154-155.  See ERJ v. 67 no. 15 p. 632 - P #906 as deliv. in 1924.  RE has several P of 900s under construction at Thomas Car Works.  Both the 800s and the 900s used the Providence Lifeguard Fender (the Herr was used for the last time on the 400s - see S p. 150 and ERJ v. XLII, no. 2, p. 74 P FB&D 205 with fender, with text explaining William Dickenson, MM of N. O. Ry. & Lt. developed the device).  RE and scale drawings in S have complete details of interior appointments, controls, air systems, even color paint specifications.  Note RE mentions 946-949 fitted with GE & WHSE “quick service / relay valves” (1931 ed.), noting NOPSI “considered the four cars experimental, recently re-equipped by the Rolling Stock and Shops Dept.”  See especially entries here for 970.

Some news accounts: TP 6/12/23 p. 1 “PS to spend huge sum on system” ... 40 new cars to be ordered.  TP 3/21/24 p. 3 “55 cars will be added to service here.”  TP 4/18/24 p. 4 NOPSI Pres. H. B. Flowers announces “55 vehicles ordered ... to cost $700,000 ... to begin arriving next 3 months, 4 or 5 per week.”

While first substantive RB didn't take place until early 1960s, there were noticeable changes done before that time, with the 800s and 900s both.  In early 30s, the white trim between both sashes on side windows reduced to between only lower sash.  The “have exact fare” reminder disappeared from the dash, and circa 1936 roofs of many Perley A. Thomas cars were painted a light color, perhaps aluminum or very light grey, with a black “V” painted at each end under the trolley wheel, to hide discoloration from powdered metal from trolley wire & trolley wheel wear.  This innovation intended to reduce heat absorption, but curiously abandoned during WW II, and the former dull color for roofs reinstated.  During WW II the etched car window in each upper R. H. sash which allowed a car's number to be illuminated, was discontinued.  This was the last hold-out of the carbuilders' art which in earlier times saw etched & colored end glass in monitor roofs have routes' names displayed (see S p. 72).

NOPSI_925-1929-12-14 Car 925 on December 14, 1929, only about five years after its delivery from the Perley Thomas Car Co.  The car is seen just about in as-delivered condition.  The only obvious change is the sign on the front dash, which warned strikers about the federal injunction against interference in operation.  The car is at Arabella Station, signed for service on the Louisiana line.  We have a glimpse of a Brill Semi-convertible in the right background. — Louis Hennick collection

NOPSI_923-Magazine-1938 Early in their lives, the 900s sported a frosted glass car number panel in the upper sash of the first window behind the front doors.  At night, the car lights shone through, illuminating the car number.  These were discontinued during WW II.  This 1938 photo of car 923 was taken at the uptown end of the Magazine line along the side-of-the-road trackage through Audubon Park.  Note the waiting shelter at the far right. — Leo Sullivan collection

NOPSI_924-Jackson_at_river-1930s-2 This 1930s view of car 924 catches the motorman in the act of changing ends, putting up the trolley pole at what will be the trailing end of the car.  This is the river end of the Jackson line.  We have another good look at the frosted glass number panel.  Note also the black stripe on the end of the otherwise light-colored roof, which was intended to hide staining from the trolley wire and the trolley wheel. — Leo Sullivan collection

NOPSI_943-int-JimCrowSigns-c1947 Car 943, shown ca. 1947, shows off its interior appointments.  The slat floors were designed to provide traction for shoes, despite mud and gravel that might accumulate between the slats.  They were replaced in the 1950s with modern rubber tread floors.  The conductor's stand can be seen in the middle of the aisle at the end of the car.  To the right at the end of the car is the large vertical wheel of the emergency hand brake.  These were so seldom used that they were removed during the 1950s and 1960s.  The motorman's stool can be seen behind the conductor's stand, with the controller at the left.  On the post between the windows along the car sides can be seen the little boxes in which for many years leaflets entitled Transit Riders' Digest were published weekly.  Window shades are noticeable on the left side of the car; those on the right happen to all be up.  Prominent on top of one seat back on each side of the car is the Jim Crow sign, which marked the boundary between seating for white and colored patrons, in accord with Louisiana law.  There was a pair of sockets on top of each seat back so that the signs could be moved forward or back as the needs might change during the working day.  After that law was declared unconstitutional in 1958, the signs were removed and integrated seating was quietly implemented on May 31.  The brass sockets remained, useless, until the seat backs were gradually replaced. — Louis Hennick collection

NOPSI_944-int-foot_of_Canal

An interior view of car 944 as it lays over at the foot of Canal Street.  Near the motorman's right hand is the conductor's stand, for use when that end of the car is trailing (and thus is the conductor's station).  We can see a double row of porcelain-surfaced hand holds; these were spring-loaded to swing into this out-of-the-way position when not in use by standing passengers.  Note on the seat backs the brass handles for standing passengers, and next to the handles, one of the sockets originally used for the Jim Crow signs; the matching socket is barely visible on some of the seat backs, toward the window.  Little bunches of copies of Transit Riders' Digest sit in their holders between windows waiting to be taken and read. — Earl Hampton collection

NOPSI_968-SClaiborne-CarrolltonAve-double_steps-ca1947

Car 968 was one of only a few cars in the 900 series that had two-piece steps in the front, right side, for exiting passengers.  The doors were arranged so that one door (two panels) could remain closed, and the other paired door could open.  This photo was taken around 1947, probably at Arabella Station.  The car is signed for the S. Claiborne line, with a destination sign reading “Carrollton Ave.” (the normal end of the line).  Other cars known to have this door arrangement around this time include 953, 956, 962, and 967.  A very few 900s had this feature on the rear right side, for entering passengers; 909, 947, and probably 963 are known in photographs.  No cars are known to have had these “double steps” on both front and rear doors simultaneously.  None of these arrangements survives today. — Otto Goessl photo, Louis Hennick collection

More changes took place during the 1940s.  Ad signs appeared on R. H. dashes of 800s, 900s and 1000s about 1941, while the 400s had such dash ads placed on the L. H.  Ad signs appeared on all cars' sides, left end, starting about 10 years later.  About 1950, NOPSI began replacing trolley wheels with carbon side shoes (like most such changes, the completion may have taken months, car by car).  In the late 1950s trolley coach poles began replacing the older poles and bases ... a change that took years.  When Canal was bussed in 1964, a few cars still had the old four-spring swivel bases.  Starting about the same time, the car numbers on sides and dashes were reduced in size.  The 900s never had screen over windows such as the 800s.  In the late 1950s some 900s (and one 800) were fitted with black and yellow metal “guards” above entrance steps.  This was soon eliminated, but two other changes were permanent: rear view mirrors came as well as replacement of the wooden strips on floors with a rubber walkway strip, eliminating ladies getting high heel shoes stuck, and giving a slip-free surface.  Interiors of some cars were painted a light powder blue.  (For P of black & yellow “guard” see S p. 158 car 904.)

A few 900s had door locks, a tiny keyhole on the last panel, rear doors.  These are known on some cars in the 940s and 950s, in the later 1940s and early 1950s.  No photos are known.

The first RB Program was more finding a better design.  There were different efforts entailing over a dozen cars, from ca. 1960 to 1964, when a systemwide model was adopted: from SCB 4/10/63 by E. Harper Charlton, Wilbur T. Golson, and Otto A. Goessl.
   914, 915 RB Dec. 1961 — Rounded blue tinted bus type standee windows repl. upper sash, new steel doors, cars repainted, no louvres.
   937 Same, but not repainted, doors not repl., silver strips & white stauncions.
   911, 920 Same oval standees, doors as 914.  No ventilators but 5 louvres in letterboard.  P - S p. 158.
   959 First St. Charles car to be RB, like 937 but with aluminum roof only (EWH).
   900, 922 Aluminum roofs, trolley coach poles, larger door windows than 911, 914, 920.  900 first w/o ventilators.
   932 Like 922 except larger upper sash, no tint.  Motors RB, new wheels.
   948, 968, 971 Like 932 except conductor's stand & door handles chrome plated.
   906 Like 968 except no RB motors, no new rewiring.
   907 Same except air door handles not chrome plated.
   965, 969 Undergoing RB at Carrollton Station at the time.

NOPSI_900-Canal-CanalSta-Al_roof-1962-08 This August 1962 photo shows off car 900, outbound on the Canal Line with Canal Station in the background.  We have a good view of the aluminum roof without ventilators, the new steel doors with more glass panels than the old wooden doors, and the bus-style standee windows in the upper window sash. — Earl Hampton collection

The second RB Adopted 1963, well under way in 1964 for the 35 900s retained for service on the St. Charles Line.  P - S p. 157.  Trucks RB with new solid WH to reduce noise.  All cars - aluminum roof.  Segregation signs gone ca. 1957-58.  The brass fittings on upper edge seat backs to hold the signs slowly disappeared as seats were renewed.  Even the old controller handle wooden knobs repl. by substitute hard black substance.  Cars 947-972, except for 954, had electric foot pedals for ringing fares, and the rest of the 35 cars had manual system.  It was said, the older conductors got cars with the elec. pedals.  One exception to the 900-945 group: 914 had elec. foot pedals.  Doors had a subtle color change - to “seminole brown” - interior a light blue, but ceilings - white preferred (blue ceilings only a short time).

The third RB By 1967, NOPSI realized the St. Charles Line was going to be around for a longer time than imagined.  All 35 cars over a couple of years again RB, looking like 2nd RB, with any structural features RB where needed.  First two cars; 900 with all aluminum windows, 933 keeping wooden windows.  Next 903-907, and afterwards no order.  Interior, final change from “deep blue & powder blue ceiling” to lime green with white ceiling (green paint more economical).

NOPSI_930-StCharles-Carrollton+Jeanette-1979-05-23-exp_tail_lights One of the unsuccessful experiments tried out in the 1970s involved the installation of a pair of red tail lights on the end dash panels, as seen in this photo of 930, dated May 23, 1979.  After it was decided not to adopt them for the fleet, they were removed from the experimental cars and the holes were patched, as seen in this Sept. 17, 1981 picture of 923.  Eventually, the patched dash panels were replaced. — George Friedman collection
NOPSI_923-taillight_covers+934-StCharles-Calliope-2-1981-09-17

Text copyright © 2008 Louis C. Hennick.  Pictures copyright © 2011 by the persons credited.  Picture captions copyright © 2011 H. George Friedman, Jr. and Louis C. Hennick.  All rights reserved.

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